In 2016, the U.S. State Department`s report on human trafficking indicated that the program, originally designed to promote the basic technical skills of foreign workers, has effectively become an immigrant worker program. The report states that many interns are “placed in jobs that do not provide or develop technical skills.”  i. At least 50 interns duly vetted and recommended for POLO Tokyo approval According to Japan`s Ministry of Health, Labor and Social Affairs, about 35,000 jobs welcomed interns at the end of 2015.  Japan`s small rural enterprises employ a large number of interns, often hosted by local business and industrial groups and small business associations. About 42% of apprentices work in the fish processing industry and, as Mazumi notes, contrary to some critics, apprentices accept domestic jobs, mainly in regions suffering from a stable (non-seasonal) labour shortage. In these areas, “the larger the employment size of the fish processing industry in the local labour market and the higher the productivity of the industry, the higher the proportion of migrants in the local labour force.”  i. At least 50 interns within a year just before registration: or the program has been subject to increasing scrutiny due to alleged violations of labor law, security, and lax administrative oversight.  The Technical Intern Training Program (技能実習制度, Ginō Jisshū Seido) is an employment training program that provides employment opportunities for foreigners in Japan. Managed by the Japan International Training Cooperation Organization (JITCO), the stated goal is to provide training, technical skills and technological experience to workers in developing countries. The National Internship Programme was first launched in 1993. At the end of 2015, Japan had 192,655 technical trainees under the terms of the program, an increase of about 15 percent over the previous year, according to the Ministry of Justice. China was the main source of interns with 46.2%, followed by Vietnam (29.9%) and the Philippines (9.2%). . Several Japanese organizations and politicians have called for the abolition of the internal technical training program, including the Japan Migrant Solidarity Network (SMJ), the Federation of Bar Associations (JFBA) and the current Minister of Defense, Tarō Kōno (PLD). . . *List of documentary requirements (click here to download the English checklist / Japanese checklist). .