World Trade Organization Agreement On Technical Barriers To Trade

The terms of ISO/CIS 2 relate to products, processes and services. This agreement covers only technical rules, standards and compliance assessment procedures relating to products or processes and production methods. The standards set out in ISO/CIS 2 may be mandatory or voluntary. For the purposes of this agreement, standards are defined as voluntary and technical rules as mandatory documents. The standards developed by the international standardization community are based on consensus. This agreement also includes documents that are not based on consensus. An entity other than a central government or a local government authority, including a non-governmental authority legally empowered to enforce a technical regulation. 2.7 Members plan to take adoption into consideration as equivalent technical provisions of other members, even if these regulations deviate from their own, if they are satisfied that these regulations are consistent with the objectives of their own regulations. “compliance assessment,” the method used to determine whether a product meets the requirements of a technical regulation or standard.

Under the OBT agreement, the compliance assessment is as follows: 6.3 Members are invited, at the request of other members, to enter into negotiations for mutual recognition agreements on the results of mutual compliance assessment procedures. Members may require these agreements to meet the criteria set out in paragraph 1 and to satisfy each other`s opportunities to facilitate trade in the products concerned. Noting that developing countries face particular difficulties in developing and enforcing regulations and technical standards and procedures for assessing compliance with technical regulations and standards, and willing to assist them in their efforts to do so; 2.10.1 immediately inform the other members, through the secretariat, of the specific technical regulations and the products covered, briefly specifying the purpose and justification of the technical regulation, including the nature of the urgent problems; Communication of members on demonstrations and mutual recognition agreements under the OBT agreement. 11.3 Members take, upon request, the appropriate measures at their disposal: in order to advise the supervisory bodies on their territory, to communicate with other Member States, in particular members of the developing country, and to provide technical assistance to them on agreed terms with respect to: 10.1.1 all technical rules adopted or proposed on their territory by central or local government agencies, by non-governmental bodies legally empowered to enforce a technical regulation or by regional standards bodies of which members or participants are members; The TBT agreement recognizes that no government should be prevented from adopting technical rules and standards in order to achieve a legitimate objective. The agreement cites the following lists as examples of legitimate objectives: national security, the protection of human, animal or plant life or health or the environment, and the prevention of deceptive practices. However, when taking steps to achieve these goals, governments should ensure that they do not create unnecessary trade barriers. 11.5 Members, on request, advise other members, particularly members of the developing country, and provide technical assistance on agreed terms with respect to the measures their producers should take to access compliance assessment systems implemented by public or non-governmental bodies in the territory of the member state receiving the request. 5.4 When positive assurances are required that the products comply with technical requirements or standards, Whether relevant guides or recommendations from international standards bodies are in place or in the process of being completed, members ensure that central authorities use them or use the corresponding parts as the basis of their compliance assessment procedures, unless, as has been duly explained on request, these mistletoes

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