India. New Delhi is a strong supporter of the Afghan government and has provided $3 billion since 2001 for infrastructure development and business maintenance in Afghanistan. Its main objectives are to minimize Pakistan`s influence and prevent Afghanistan from becoming a haven for anti-Independence activists. The Indian government did not reject U.S. efforts to reach an agreement with the Taliban and refused to legitimize the group as a political actor. Taliban co-founder Abdul Ghani Baradar was one of the main Taliban members in favor of talks with the governments of the United States and Afghanistan. Karzai`s government reportedly held discussions with Baradar in February 2010. Later that month, Baradar was captured during a joint U.S.-Pakistan raid on the Pakistani city of Karachi. The arrest angered Karzai and called for arrest because Pakistan`s secret services were opposed to Afghan peace talks.   After his re-election in the 2009 Afghan presidential elections, Karzai said he would hold a “Jirga of Peace” in Kabul for peace. The event, which brought together 1,600 delegates, took place in June 2010, but the Taliban and Hezb-i Islami Gulbuddin, both invited by Karzai as a gesture of goodwill, did not attend the conference.  The U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan warned that a peace deal could risk the Taliban`s return to power, similar to the 1973 Paris Accords, which defeated the U.S.-backed South Vietnamese government in the case of Saigon.  Pakistan warned that rising tensions in the Gulf region following the assassination of Iranian General Qasem Soleimani could affect the already delayed peace process between the United States and Afghanistan.  After more than 18 years of war in Afghanistan, the United States and the Taliban have agreed on the most intense efforts to date by both sides to end the war. The agreement focuses on the significant withdrawal of U.S. troops and the Taliban`s assurances that the country will not become a safe haven for terrorists. On February 27, 2018, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani proposed unconditional peace talks with the Taliban following an upsurge in violence, which offered them recognition as a legal political party and the release of Taliban prisoners. The offer was the most advantageous for the Taliban since the beginning of the war. It was preceded by several months of national consensus, which revealed that Afghans overwhelmingly supported the end of the war.   Two days earlier, the Taliban had called for talks with the United States and said, “America and its allies must now see that the issue of Afghanistan cannot be resolved militarily.
America must now focus on a peaceful strategy for Afghanistan rather than war.  On March 27, 2018, a 20-country conference in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, supported the Afghan government`s offer of peace to the Taliban.  However, the Taliban did not respond publicly to Ghani`s offer. [Citation required] Intra-Afghan negotiations did not begin as planned on 10 March 2020.