The British Government is practically out of the equation and neither the British Parliament nor the people have, under this agreement, the legal right to hinder the achievement of Irish unity if it had the agreement of the people of the North and the South. Our nation is and will remain a nation of 32 counties. Antrim and Down are and will remain a part of Ireland, just like any county in the South.  In a context of political violence during the unrest, the agreement committed participants to “exclusively democratic and peaceful ways of settling disputes over political issues.” There were two aspects: as part of the agreement, the British and Irish Governments undertook to hold referendums in Northern Ireland and the Republic on 22 May 1998 respectively. The referendum in Northern Ireland is expected to approve the deal reached in the multi-party talks. The referendum in the Republic of Ireland is expected to approve the Anglo-Irish Agreement and facilitate the amendment of the Irish Constitution in accordance with the Agreement. Issues of sovereignty, civil and cultural rights, weapons dismantling, demilitarization, justice and police work were at the heart of the agreement. the Good Friday Agreement (GFA) or Belfast Agreement (in Irish: Comhaontú Aoine à Chéasta or Comhaontú Bhéal Feirste); Ulster-Scots: Guid Friday Greeance or Bilfawst Greeance),  is a couple of agreements signed on 10 April 1998 that ended most of the violence of the Troubles, a political conflict in Northern Ireland that has emerged since the late 1960s. This was an important development in the peace process in Northern Ireland in the 1990s.
Northern Ireland`s current system of de decentralised government is based on the agreement. The Agreement also created a number of institutions between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, as well as between the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom. The memo itself states that “we intend to convene a plenary meeting this morning to review this agreement and take action. Our employees will contact your offices as soon as the time is set. The conference will take the form of regular and frequent meetings between the British and Irish ministers to promote cooperation between the two governments at all levels. On issues that are not left to Northern Ireland, the Irish Government may present positions and proposals. All decisions of the Conference shall be taken by mutual agreement between the two Governments and the two Governments agree to make determined efforts to resolve disputes between them. The vague wording of some provisions, called “constructive ambiguities”, helped to secure acceptance of the agreement and postpone debate on some of the most controversial issues. These include paramilitary dismantling, police reform and the standardisation of Northern Ireland.
On 10 April 1998, the so-called Good Friday Agreement (or the Belfast Agreement) was signed. This agreement helped to put an end to a period of conflict in the region, described as unrest. The agreement establishes a framework for the establishment and number of institutions in three “policy areas”. As part of the agreement, the British Parliament annulled the Government of Ireland Act 1920 (which had founded Northern Ireland, divided Ireland and asserted territorial rights to the whole of Ireland) and the people of the Republic of Ireland amended Articles 2 and 3 of the Irish Constitution, which asserted a territorial right to Northern Ireland. But then, he says, extremist parties, which initially opposed participation in the deal or delayed participation in the deal, began fueling discontent with perceived concessions by moderate companies to the other side, on controversial issues such as the Irish language and holding traditional parades. Both Durkan and Nesbitt claim that their opponents then used this negative energy to win votes — and power and patronage — for themselves.